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发布日期:2021年02月26日
Philippines: The Tactics Behind Red-Tagging
Philippines: The Tactics Behind Red-Tagging
Photo Credit: Reuters / TPG Images

What you need to know

The military and government bureaucracy will never openly admit to it, but there is a stark and disturbing trend of mobilizing state resources against civil society in the Philippines.

Red-tagging has been a hotly debated topic in the Philippines these past two months, when the Philippine Senate has convened hearings to discuss red-tagging.

The Philippine military — through the National Task Force to End the Local Communist Armed Conflict (NTF-ELCAC) — has spearheaded the practice of labelling critics of President Rodrigo Duterte and his administration as communist and/or terrorist conspirators working to bring down the state. At the Senate hearings, military men have accused legal organizations, NGOS, media groups, religious institutions, even a special rapporteur of acting as fronts for the communists.

This month saw several high-profile arrests of activists who the authorities have accused of having direct ties to “the reds.” A few months ago, well-known activists were murdered after facing accusations of working with armed guerrillas. More recently, a red-tagged doctor and social worker along with her husband were gunned down in their hometown.

Duterte himself has singled out human rights groups as “enemies.” Next year, the NTF-ELCAC is set to receive a budgetary allocation of 19 billion Philippine pesos. The president abjured any ceasefire with rebels this holiday, a first since the country’s Martial Law years while saying that no further negotiations will be welcomed by his government. Duterte has already explicitly expressed his intention to end the revolution before his term ends. Although by the looks of it, much of the state’s efforts have been directed towards civilians.

Though the country has waged a civil war launched by the Communist Party of the Philippines and its guerrillas in the New People’s Army (CPP-NPA) for more than 50 years, it’s doubtful that the military can even produce any solid evidence linking their targets to the communist insurgency. so. What red-tagging is, in short, is a recipe for repression. Throughout the military’s red-tagging spree, a chilling pattern has begun to emerge.

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Photo Credit: Reuters / TPG Images
An activist wears a mask with the words “STOP THE KILLINGS” during a protest in observance of Human Rights Day, in Manila, Philippines, December 10, 2020.

Trial by publicity

Sightings of banners, flyers, and posters both online and offline with the names and pictures of activists supposedly proving communist links have become a common occurrence. One of the most vocal members of the opposition in congress is Sarah Elago, the representative of Kabataan (Youth) Party has often been subjected to this form of disinformation. It gains traction online, provokes outrage, and sensationalizes the standpoint of the establishment. The military and NTF-ELCAC have been known to employ these methods, as some of their key figures have admitted to releasing this propaganda.

Elago is not alone. The prevalence of fake accounts has even caught the eye of Facebook administrators. They took down over a hundred accounts linked to the authorities. Online slander, though, continues to be defended by Duterte’s top officials, who have said the fabricated posts “have basis,” though military officials have declined to say on several occasions what this basis is.

During the Senate proceedings, Yesha Ramos, the wife of slain activist lawyer Ben Ramos showed pictures of how signposts declaring her husband a communist were posted around major highways. They served as a prelude to his assassination.

The purpose of the black propaganda directed at Elago and Ramosis to rationalize arbitrary attacks against them and other dissidents.

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Photo Credit: AP / TPG Images
A protester peers from behind a cutout of President Rodrigo Duterte in camouflage uniform during a rally outside Camp Aguinaldo, the general headquarters of the country’s armed forces, to denounce alleged escalating human rights violations especially among the poor Monday, May 21, 2018 in suburban Quezon city northeast of Manila, Philippines.

To denounce or not to denounce?

When pressed to present evidence communist links, a common tactic of the NTF-ELCAC is to shift the conversation. Lorraine Badoy, spokesperson of the task force has done this in many instances. In a roundtable TV discussion on the economic problems of the country, a guest from the progressive think-tank Ibon Foundation was berated by Badoy throughout the program.

In a now infamous video, the agitated official kept challenging her fellow guest to denounce the activities of the CPP-NPA. For many of Duterte’s supporters, only a categorical condemnation of the rebels suffices to prove innocence. Badoy has acted similarly aggressive in at the Senate hearings in demanding repudiation of the guerillas.

The Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) has also recently issued a resolution enjoining city governments to denounce the revolutionaries.

Is denouncing the rebels really the only way to escape government scrutiny? This logic holds that failure to condemn the revolution presumes guilt of participation in it. The problem is that this line of questioning detracts from both the root causes of the armed conflict and it oversimplifies the debate on how best to resolve it.

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Credit: Courtesy of Sarah Elago
Kabataan Representative Sarah Elago.

Evidence planters

Peasant organizer Amanda Echanis was arrested on December 2, eight days later, seven other activists were jailed. All carried the same charges of illegal possession of firearms and explosives. Last year, the administration unveiled a supposed “Red October” plot to bring down the government. In it, dozens of activists, church and media groups were named with little to no evidence of conspiring for a communist takeover. Following these allegations, a succession of raids were conducted on activist headquarters in several cities, leading to the arrest of 57 individuals. All were brought in on similar charges.

The case of Echanis contributes to the widely-held suspicion among activists that authorities plant evidence to justify incarceration. National Police Chief Debold Sinas even publicly admitted that they had no witnesses to testify that Echanis was carrying weapons. At the time of her arrest, Echanis was nursing her new-born infant. She said that she has never dealt with guns and bombs, much less let her child near anything like that.

The Philippine Bar Association “expressed concern” at the frequency and quickness with which warrants are issued for these arrests that target particular groups of citizens. These so-called “warrant factories,” on the other hand, were defended by administration stalwarts maintaining that these decisions hold probable cause.

While the military and the entire government bureaucracy will never openly admit to it, there is a stark and disturbing trend of mobilizing the state’s resources for a campaign against civil society. There is a method to this crackdown. And no matter how much officials try to deny it, the regularity with which cases like those of Ben Ramos and Amanda Echanis occur gives away the game. It won’t be until either the administration or a people under siege gives in that red-tagging and its adjacent tactics will cease.

READ NEXT: Philippines Celebrities Not Immune From Red-Tagging Terror Campaign

TNL Editor: Nicholas Haggerty (@thenewslensintl)

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GARAOTUS partners up with intel and Advantech to provide genomics solutions by AI-HPC technologies is a silver lining in post-pandemic era
GARAOTUS partners up with intel and Advantech to provide genomics solutions by AI-HPC technologies is a silver lining in post-pandemic era

What you need to know

Advancements in genomics are opening new doors for understanding human diseases and are increasingly informing innovative precision treatment plans. However, genomics sequencing generates hundreds of petabytes of data per year. Researchers and scientists require tools to analyze these enormous volumes of data in a timely manner to gain insights into disease and possible treatments. GARAOTUS provide the AI-HPC technologies to accelerate genomics workflows. Performance gains include a 75 percent speedup for the BWA performance.

Mind Commerce, an information and communication technology market survey company, pointed out that the total global market value of high performance computing (HPC) will hit 4.93 billion US dollars by 2025, with the CAGR growing by 8.8% from 2020 to 2025. Having said that, the COVID-19 pandemic starting from the end of 2019 has raged the world and had a direct impact on industries’ capital investment. There are still some exceptions - medicine, AI-related industries, and national research institutes managed to sail against the wind and allocate bigger budgets.

GARAOTUS is a brand like this. When numerous industries in the world are at a disadvantage, GARAOTUS makes the most of its solid infrastructure technologies in AI cloud service and HPC. They can provide industries with distributed computing that is highly integrated as well as centralized management, continuing to introduce services to large cross-national enterprises. This is why they can still stand firm in the post-pandemic era.

Counting on leading technology, GARAOTUS has expanded its territory to the global market ahead of others. Thanks to their preemptive action years ago, more international enterprises have sought to partner with them in the post-pandemic era to gain the benefits brought by AI and HPC.

Key HPC technology that wins favor from international partners

AI, HPC or cloud computing are not new to industries, but why can they keep winning favor from world renowned corporations?

Henry Chang, the senior architect of GARAOTUS, mentioned, “The whole structure of GARAOTUS is divided into three key techniques: AI computing, HPC service, and cloud service. These three building blocks can not only provide independent service, but can also be integrated into the GARAOTUS Cloud Platform to generate a centralized management platform for customers.”

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GARAOTUS cloud platform integrated the four system of AI, HPC, Cloud Computing and Microservices

We have been aware that one of the features that AI Computing can deliver is a server equipped with graphics cards. The mainstream of GPU technology is led by Nvidia who has realized the environments of deep learning and machine learning through its software packages and programming language; however, GARAOTUS can distinguish the scenarios of AI Computing from those of traditional HPC. For example, previous applications of NLP and the deep learning of images can be solved by adopting the AI computing structure.

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Henry Chang, the senior architect of GARAOTUS, mentioned that GARAOTUS HPC structure thinks outside the box and integrated cloud and container technology as the foundation of high-flexibility HPC, which drive more possibilities of HPC as a Service.

In early times, the HPC structure was a parallel computing environment made up purely of stacked multiple physical machines. On account of the technology development and constant breakthrough of x86 and CPU core count, the novel HPC structure thinks outside the box and blends cloud and container technology as the foundation of high-flexibility HPC. This approach has been infused with more possibilities of HPC as a Service.

Jeff Chang, the director of technology consultant, stated, “When global players fell over each other to build cloud technology back from Infrastructure as a Service, to Platform as a Service, and to Software as a Service back in 2014, Jay Hsueh, Head of GARAOTUS, sniffed the trend of cloud development. He then pushed forward the launch of the first generation of GARAOTUS Cloud Platform which offered housing colocation.” GARAOTUS has now made further progress and created Cloud Orchestration that enables the next generation of GARAOTUS Cloud Platform to produce the highest performance from different cloud services.

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Jay Hsueh(Standing in the middle), Head of GARAOTUS, created Cloud Orchestration that enables the next generation of GARAOTUS Cloud Platform to produce the highest performance from different cloud services.

GARAOTUS also conceived the idea of Cloud Orchestration Flow based on past practices, along with the future trends of technology and application. This can satisfy the service procedure required for relevant industries around the world. From embarking on data collection in the first place or existing BigData datasets from customers or IoT, they are the one with solutions to the system architecture at the bottom for AI data analysis modelling. Furthermore, the HPC environment is of use to stimulate distinct scenarios and applications and further runs storage and simple application algorithms with IaaS in the cloud. The operators will gain access to the information system deployed and applied automatically. In addition, the customers will receive a suggestion about a calculated model to be used for servitization so that the stages which every component goes through can be X as a Service. That is, the goal is Everything as a Service.

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GARAOTUS’s Cloud Orchestration will calculated the model to be as servitization so that the stages which every component goes through can be X as a Service.

Striking performance and successful case examples with international partners

Under the circumstances of the pandemic, the medical industry estimates that there will be massive demands for AI application in the future. According to the report of a survey and research body, the market size of AI medicine reached 2.2 billion US dollars in 2018, and it is projected that the figure will amount to 17 billion US dollars by 2024. AI has already been applied in precision medicine, preventive medicine, and clinical trials all over the world, and meanwhile, the medical AI race has been sparked among countries. Many medical institutions in Taiwan are also proactive in the deployment as big data and cloud technology will lead the healthcare industry to digitalization and intellectualization. The medical system in Taiwan ranks among the best, and continues to accumulate a large amount of medical data. How they can leverage these data, realize more groundbreaking practices, and expedite the development of medical application are the challenges facing the medical world in Taiwan.

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GARAOTUS partners up with Intel and Advantech to provide the Select Solutions for Genomics Analytics makes it easier and faster to analyze genomics data

Marissa Lin, the senior architect of GARAOTUS, mentioned, to targeting the fast-growing genomics market, GARAOTUS partners with Intel and Advantech, to deliver integrated hardware solution and deployment service. GARAOTUS partners up with Intel for the Genomics Analytics solution, making use of Intel technologies and Broad Institute’s Genome Analysis Toolkit (GATK). GARAOTUS provide the AI-HPC technologies to to accelerate genomics workflows. Performance gains include a 75 percent speedup for the BWA performance.

Advancements in genomics are opening new doors for understanding human diseases and are increasingly informing innovative precision treatment plans. However, genomics sequencing generates hundreds of petabytes of data per year. Researchers and scientists require tools to analyze these enormous volumes of data in a timely manner to gain insights into disease and possible treatments.

Director Jeff Chang also shared a real case example in the medicine field, indicating that “the medical research teams of Taiwan show a high level of competence, but, in the past, before they published new findings, other countries beat them to it. This happened a lot primarily because of the insufficiency of internal computing resources, so they are not able to produce results right away. Besides, the research resources that each laboratory has are separated from each other, which results in ineffective exchange and utilization. In light of this, the customer decided to invest substantial funding, aiming to become a world-class AI medical research and development center.” Director Chang added, “We built the GARAOTUS Cloud Platform for the customer to integrate all of the research resources in the medical system and provide plentiful laboratories with a centralized working environment for computing. In such a manner, researchers can focus on high intensity computing and artificial intelligence applications in biomedicine, supporting the study requirements for image analysis and big data analysis. This is to pursue the optimal solution where AI big data analysis and computing capability come into play to the largest extent. With regard to the architecture, we do not merely take future computing and storage expansion into consideration, but also develop a geo-redundant and data backup system dedicated to the protection of project data, with a cleverly comprehensive design for connection and information security.”

This enormous and benchmark medical investment project is believed to have attracted world leading information giants to take part in the bid. In this fierce competition, only few businesses entered the stage of Proof of Concept. However, the solutions proposed by many world leading corporations were mostly built-to-suit products or customized systems that were assembled temporarily. By contrast, the solution from the GARAOTUS team comes with a mature platform that offers service tailored to customers’ needs while thoroughly inspecting customers’ overall planning of architecture and future development and application. This is also the reason that many international enterprises compete for collaboration with GARAOTUS.

Speaking of the POC process, Director Jeff Chang could not help but raise his voice, saying, “Given that the resources of each laboratory were scattered, our team had to visit each one for an interview in order to coordinate three POC topics identified by the customer into application scenarios. At that time, we made a major breakthrough after operating a certain algorithm on a GPU server. It had required 200 hours to run in a CPU server environment, but it took no more than 40 minutes with a GPU server. The efficiency rose 300-fold; accordingly, the customer was extremely satisfied with the result.”

Three compelling reasons for enterprises to take early action and “move your cloud forward” with GARAOTUS

Though GARAOTUS is a brand new cloud platform technical team, its vision of service is Moving Your Cloud Forward which explicitly underpins its determination to continuously develop and deepen the technology. Moreover, the four words, Moving Your Cloud Forward, also fully explains its sense of mission of lending a hand to partners at home and abroad and marching forward together in the most challenging times.

GARAOTUS has cultivated the market of diversified platform applications, namely virtualization, cloud computing, big data, AI, container, edge computing, cloud service, and cloud native for a couple of years. Their key advantage of developing GARAOTUS Cloud Platform is also the reason that urges large international enterprises to choose the brand.

First of all, the platform is capable of a record level of system integration. If a business is confronted with technical requirements for integrating AI computing, HPC service, and cloud service, turning to GARAOTUS’ product and service will be the most direct and effective solution.

Secondly, GARAOTUS’ product and service is the optimal option for customers to have a servitized information system at hand. The software and hardware under control will display the best performance and benefits through the system, which significantly minimizes both time and cost for building for customers.

Last but not least, information or technical personnel are likely to get the hang of it quickly, so it takes less time to learn. Therefore, the platform has separated the wheat from the chaff, to let general users be able to pick it up easily.

Cloud application service has rapidly spread across the globe, facilitating the industry’s evolution of new technology from the old. The GARAOTUS team has set the pace in AI cloud and HPC area with their leading technology. No matter what plans are carried out to combat diseases or develop medicine, this technology will arm a variety of research institutes with more advanced weapons, and considerably improve the competitiveness of the medical academia and medical industry. Stepping forward, Taiwan’s AI medicine will be empowered to shine on the global stage as the pride of Taiwan.

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Director Jeff Chang mentioned “GARAOTUS platform for medicine field design consider the storage expansion and the data backup system dedicated to the protection of project data, with a cleverly comprehensive design for connection and information security.”

This article is provided by SYSTEX and edited and approved by The News Lens Brand Studio.

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